Athletes and sports persons are often prone to foot injuries. Some of the common running foot injuries are ““
Plantar Fasciitis – The plantar fascia is a thick connective tissue that supports the arch of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis is a painful inflammatory condition that is caused by the excessive wearing of the plantar fascia. This causes a pain on the underside of the heel. Plantar Fasciitis often results in a heel spur.
Calcaneal Stress Fracture ““ The calcaneus is a huge heel bone. Repeated stress and overuseÂ of the calcaneal can result in a stress fracture. It results in heel pain that gets worse by weigh bearing activities.
Achilles Tendon Bursitis ““ Achilles tendon bursitis is the inflammationÂ of the bursa. The bursa is a small sack filled with fluid that helps the tendon in moving smoothly over the bone. It is located at the point where Achilles tendon is attached to the heel. This is commonly seen in runners. Running in a way that repeatedly stresses and irritates the bursa sacs causing a painful condition called Bursitis.
Sesamoiditis ““ Sesamoid Pain or Sesamoiditis develops when the tissues around the sesamoid bones become inflamed. Sesamoiditis results in a vague pain at the joint where sesamoid bones are located i.e. the ball of the foot.
Metatarsal stress fracture ““ The repetitive stress of the metatarsal bones of the foot will resultÂ in a Metatarsal Stress Fracture.
Morton’s Neuroma ““ Neuroma is the thickening and enlargement of the nerve tissue. Neuroma in foot is called Morton’s Neuroma. It usually occurs at the base of third and forth toes. Sometimes it can occur in the foot ball between the metatarsal bones. Neuroma results in the swelling of the nerve. If untreated it can also lead to a permanent nerve damage.
Posterior Tibialis Tendonitis
Posterior Tibialis is a tendon that passes from inside the ankle bone and attaches to the navicular bone. When this tendon gets inflamed it leads to Posterior Tibialis Tendonitis. The pain occurs in the inside of the foot and ankle. If this tendon ruptures, it may lead to serious problems.
Peroneal Tendonitis ““ There are two peroneal tendons in the foot that run along side behind the outer ankle bone. These tendons stabilize the ankle and foot and protect them from getting sprained. Over use and repetitive stress of the Peroneal Tendons leads to Peroneal Tendonitis. It may result in pain and swelling at the outside part of the ankle up to the base of the 5th metatarsal.
Subungal Hematoma ““ This problem is caused by jamming of toes in the shoe. The jamming would lead to bleeding underneath the nail.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome ““ This is a common knee injury in runners where the iliotibial band becomes inflamed. The iliotibial band is basically a band of fascia.