In diabetics when blood sugar levels are abnormally high it is a common phenomenon that they get sore or wounds. These sores and wounds are commonly called as diabetic foot ulcers. Sometimes these ulcers lead to worst situations where in the foot amputation becomes compulsory.
Causes of diabetic foot ulcers:
When sugar levels fall for prolonged duration in diabetics it leads to damage of nerves in their feet. This nerve damage leads to loss of sensation in the feet and also several other feet deformities. This nerve damage is also called as peripheral neuropathy.
Foot problems like calluses and hammertoes lead to high pressures on the soles of the feet.
Sometimes diabetics hurt their feet wither by a single major trauma or repetitive minor trauma. Single major trauma includes situations like scraping the skin, stepping on some danger objects, placing feet in really hot water, or cutting toenails inappropriately. Repetitive minor trauma includes situations like walking for long.
In case of people with diabetes, the blood flow will be poor. This poor blood flow delays the wound healing process. It also increases the risk of infection and foot amputation.
How diabetics can prevent foot ulcers?
- Following two basic health care formulas – careful control of diabetes and foot care-, can easily control diabetic foot ulcers.
- Keep blood sugar levels in check. This helps prevent peripheral neuropathy and also avoids it from worsening.
- Diabetics should regularly check their feet, especially the areas between toes. They have to see whether the feet have any sores and cuts. If they find any problem, they should consult the doctor immediately for treatment. You can use a long-handled mirror to check your feet, to find out even the little problems.
- Always keep your feet dry and clean, especially the areas between the toes, to avoid foot ulcers.
- Before going for bath check the temperature of the water. Don’t bath with hot water. It will worsen the foot ulcers.
- People with peripheral neuropathy are not advised to cut their own nails.
- Diabetics should consult a podiatrist, doctor specialized in foot care, for a regular checkup.
- Diabetics should wear footwear that can fit properly to them. This helps avoid friction or pressure.
- Diabetics suffering from peripheral neuropathy should stop walking barefoot. Before putting on the footwear make sure there are no foreign objects in them.
- If the ulcers are in a very serious condition it’s better to remove the dead tissue of the surface and apply synthetic wound dressings. This helps create a moist environment. Consult experts to get the advice on the dressings to be used. After studying the type of foot ulcer and at what stage it is the doctor will advice the best dressing.
- If there us a significant infection that can lead to cellulites use antibiotics.