Fractures

What are fractures?

Fractures are simply breaking of bones. A trauma or an extreme injury can cause the breaking of bones. Fractures are very common to see in both children and adults. According to a research, an average individual breaks at least one bone during his/her lifetime.

Types of Fractures

Depending on how the bone breaks there are primarily seven kinds of fractures.

  • Simple Fracture

    ““ In a simple fracture, the bone breaks in way that there are no open wounds in the skin.

  • Stress Fracture

    ““ Repeated stress may result in the break development of a small crack in the outer shell of the bone.

  • Comminuted Fracture

    ““ Comminuted Fracture is a fracture where the bone breaks into several pieces.

  • Impacted Fracture

    ““ In an impacted fracture one piece of the bone gets embedded into the other piece.

  • Complete Fracture

    ““ Complete fracture is the one where the bone breaks into the muscle and sometimes out through the skin.

  • Incomplete Fracture

    ““ Incomplete fracture is the one when the bone just cracks but doesn’t separate or break into the muscle.

Location of Fractures

Although arm and leg fractures are the most commonly seen fractures but other parts  of the body are also highly susceptible to fractures. There can also be skull fractures, facial bone fractures, rib fractures, pelvis fractures, and shoulder fractures.

Treatment of Fractures

Treatment primarily involves realignment of the broken bones. Simple fractures, stress fractures and incomplete fractures can be realigned without any surgery by splint or plaster treatments. The more complicated fractures like Comminuted fractures, complete fractures and impacted fractures may require a surgery in order to realign. Depending on the severity the surgeon may be required to insert a rod, plate, pin or a screw to hold your broken bone in place. After the open reduction surgery, you will be given medications and rehabilitation. Medication would help reduce the pain and rehabilitation would help you to reduce stiffness, increase the blood flow and restore the movement of the bone eventually.

Complications

It is likely that in closed type of fractures the bone may not be realigned properly causing. This may hamper the bones function. In open fractures that require surgical realignment, it is likely that the patient will suffer from bleeding, infection, damage to nerves or blood vessels, and also allergic reactions.