A torn ligament is a sprain that is stretched. Ligaments connect one bone to another bone at a joint and help keep the bones from moving out of place. Sprains commonly occur at the ankle. This can happen when you fall, when you suddenly twist your ankle too far,or when the joint is forced out of it’s normal position. Most of these injuries occur during sports activities or when walking or running on an uneven surface.
Appearance of Ankle Sprains
In a sprained ankle the most common damage is done to the talo-fibula ligament (if the ankle sprain is worse, the calcaneo-fibula ligament can also be damaged) and sometimes the tendons also get damaged.
At times ankle sprains are quite severe and cause much pain. In case the ligament is stretched too much, then much pain occurs. Even if the ligament is partially torn or completely torn such a condition can occur. Ankle sprains are different from sprains. In the case of the latter, the muscles are affected.
Symptoms of Ankle Sprains
One can tell ankle sprains by the following symptoms:
- Pain or soreness
- Bruising Stiffness in the joint
- Difficulty in walking
Symptoms vary depending upon the severity of the sprain. Sometimes pain may not be there and the ankle may feel wobbly. But the condition should not be neglected.
Causes of Ankle Sprains
Primary Causes of Ankle Sprain includes:
- Poor recovery or rehabilitation of a previous sprained ankle
- Some feet can easily be “tipped over”
- Poor proprioception ( proprioception is the ability to sense where a joint is and in case you do not know where your ankle is then the muscle cannot prevent the ankle sprain
- Weak muscles. The muscles are not strong enough to prevent the sprain from occuring.
- Ankle sprian occurs through a fall, twist or blow
- Not wearing proper shoe
Treatment of Ankle Sprain
There are non-surgical methods of treatment ankle sprains. Rehabilitation of the ankle sprain is essential. The following methods can be recommended by your doctor:
- Early Physical Therapy- Rehabilitation programme will begin immediately and excercises will be recommended to increase the motion
- Immobilization- Based on the seriosuness of the problem, a short-leg cast, a walking boot, or a brace to keep your ankle from moving may be recommended.
- Medications-Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can be given to reduce the pain. Prescription medicines are required to provide relief.
- Icing- One can be asked to use ice on the injury till the pain reduces.
- Compression Wraps- To avoid further swelling, the ankle may have to be wrapped in an elastic bandage or stocking.
- Surgery- In severe cases surgery may be required.
An ankle sprain can cause much pain and discomfort and cannot be negelected. It needs to be treated promptly.