Diabetes and Foot Pain
Diabetics commonly experience foot pain due to four main causes which are listed below. It is essential for them to detect the cause early and treat it properly to prevent permanent nerve damage.
Causes of Diabetic Foot Pain
The most common cause is peripheral neuropathy in which nerves are affected. Even a simple action can cause the diabetic to cringe from intense foot pain. To alleviate this condition, it is essential to keep blood sugar levels under control. You can also massage your feet with special diabetic foot cream to reduce the pain.
This condition also affects the nerves and makes the feet feel weak and achy. Commonly, small muscles and the shin muscles are impacted. Motor neuropathy can also affect the patient’s balance while walking, which could lead to skin inflammation and calluses. Treatment consists of wearing supportive footwear, doing foot exercises and opting for foot massages. The patient can also become vulnerable to fungal infection, which can be treated with antibiotic foot cream.
Diabetes can also affect circulation, which can cause severe diabetic foot pain. This is because the veins and capillaries in the feet get deprived of oxygen. Additionally, poor blood flow can swell up the veins, causing blood to pool in the feet, creating great pain. Sometimes, painful ulcers can form if blood starts to leak out.
Neuropathy and circulation problems can also cause joint and muscle pain in the feet. The tendons can become stiff and contracted. This can cause pain and deform them which can affect balance while walking. To treat muscle and joint pain due to diabetes, you can do foot exercises, get massages and wear custom shoes.
Diabetics are vulnerable to bacterial, fungal and yeast infections of the feet. To treat infection, you can use oral and cream antibiotics. Diabetics should try to prevent foot infections by eating a healthy diet, controlling blood sugar levels and by examining their feet every day to detect unusual developments.
- As mentioned earlier, monitor your feet closely every day including the areas between the toes where infections or blisters can develop. This is especially important if you suffer from diabetic neuropathy because you will not feel any sensation in the feet.
- Avoid hot water and wash your feet every day with warm water. Do not soak your feet for too long in the water because this will affect the sores, if any. After washing, gently dry your feet including the areas between the toes.
- Wear comfortable footwear and check them for objects, sharp edges or rough seams that could affect your feet.
- Do not go barefoot but wear slippers at home. This can prevent skin irritation and formation of blisters. If your heels have any sore spots or calluses, wear thick socks to pad your feet.
- Approach your doctor at the earliest if you feel unusual sensations like numbness, pins and needles tingling, pain, etc. in your feet. Early detection can help to avoid extreme measures like foot amputation.
To learn more about the link between diabetes and foot pain, please watch this video: