Bunionectomy is the surgical operation which is carried out to treat the severe conditions of bunions on the foot. There are several types of procedures which can be followed in treating this condition. Some of them are discussed below.
Types Of Bunionectomy:
Some of the types of bunionectomy are:
The Keller Procedure:
In this procedure, the surface cartilage and a portion of the base of the bone in the big toe (also known as proximal phalanx) are removed surgically. The research have proved that this procedure is very successful in treating the chronic arthritis existing in the big toe. It is performed to treat severe cases of arthritis in aged people or those who have unusual foot structure.
The Silver Procedure:
In this procedure, the bony structure or a spur is removed surgically. This structure is either medially placed or is located on the inner side of the joint of the big toe.
The McBride Procedure:
This procedure is an extension of the Silver procedure. In this process, the same technique is used and then duplicated for treating the condition. This procedure has some additional steps. These include the transfer of the tendon from the big toe to the first metatarsal bone of the foot. It is because of this transfer that the angular deformity of the foot which causes the angulation and widening of the big toe is solved.
The Austin Procedure:
In this procedure, the removal of exostosis or any bony prominence which is present on the inner border of the big toe joint is carried out. The creation of a cut in the bone called as osteotomy is carried out, just below the head of the metatarsal. The process of osteotomy allows the head of the metatarsal to slide laterally or even towards the little toe.